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Einat Ramon

Einat Ramon was the first Israeli-born woman to be ordained as a rabbi. Following her ordination by JTS in 1989, she pursued her doctoral degree at Stanford University, at the same time serving as the interim rabbi at Berkeley Hillel and then as the “circuit” rabbi of congregation Har-Shalom of Missoula, Montana. Since her return to Israel in 1994, she has been teaching at various Israeli academic institutions (including the Hebrew University and the Kibbutz Teachers’ Seminary and others) and supervising a Masorti (Conservative) congregation in north Tel Aviv. In 1996–1997 (during the peak of the battle against the Conversion Bill) she was the spokesperson of the Masorti (Conservative) Movement in Israel. Ramon is at present the acting dean of the Schechter Rabbinical School. She also teaches modern Jewish thought and literature and Jewish feminism at the Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies. Rabbi Ramon has written and published numerous articles on modern Jewish thought, Jewish feminism and Zionist intellectual history. She has completed a book (forthcoming) on the theology of the Labor Zionist thinker, Aharon David Gordon.

Articles by this author

Ritual: A Feminist Approach

Because religious praxis involving material objects plays so major a role in Jewish religion, one of the most significant expressions of the creation of feminist Judaism and its influence on the Jewish people is women’s wide-ranging involvement in the full range of ceremonies that exist both within and beyond halakhah.

Matriarchs: A Liturgical and Theological Category

Among egalitarian religious congregations throughout the world, the most popular addition to the traditional liturgy is the mention of the Matriarchs in birkat avot (the blessing of the ancestors), the opening blessing of the Amidah.

Ada Maimon (Fishman)

One of the “spiritual mothers” and historians of Jewish feminism in Israel, Ada Maimon was a teacher by profession and a member of Ha-Po’el ha-Za’ir from 1913 to 1920. She was also one of the founders of Mo’ezet Ha-Po’alot, the General Council of Women Workers in Israel, and its secretary-general from its founding in 1921 to 1926. When she completed her term of office she founded Ayanot, a women’s farm near Nes Ziyyonah. With the establishment of the state, she served as a Mapai party member of the first and second Knessets and was responsible for the legislation of various laws related to women’s equality. Her public activity, together with her role as historian of the feminist movement in Israel, were part of a long, determined struggle on behalf of Jewish women in Israeli society and, even more pronouncedly, in the Jewish religion. This struggle led to frequent conflicts between Maimon and the leaders of the Histadrut and the Labor Party, as well as to arguments with representatives of the religious parties and the Israeli Orthodox establishment.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Einat Ramon." (Viewed on December 10, 2019) <https://qa.jwa.org/encyclopedia/author/ramon-einat>.

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