Chaske Blacker (Blacher)
Although she worked in radio, tobacco and dress factories, reared two children and supported a poet-husband, Chaske Blacker managed to produce two novellas and a dozen short stories, even winning a prize for her story “Marta” from the Morning Frayhayt in 1933—all during her brief life.
Born during a pogrom in 1905 in Uvarevitsh (Uvarovichi in Belarus, 26 km NW of Homel), Russia, where the Jews were mostly Lubavitch (Habad) hasidim (as were her parents), she moved to Passaic, New Jersey, in 1923 with her mother, Shtsheshye (née Ugolnikov, 1878–1951) and twin sisters, Evelyn (1912–1992) and Shirley, to rejoin Moyshe Blacker (1879–1955), a Term used for ritually untainted food according to the laws of Kashrut (Jewish dietary laws).kosher butcher who had already arrived in 1914. Within a few years, she married Yiddish-English poet Menke Katz (1906–1991) and bore two children, Troim (b. 1927) and Noah (1928–1969). Her daughter, Troim Katz Handler, is a Yiddish poet; Noah died at 41. In the U.S., Blacker became a left-wing sympathizer who wrote in Yiddish for Frayhayt and Der Hamer. Most of her work was produced during her first marriage, which ended in 1938. In 1941 she married Joseph Friedman (1899–1947), who was not interested in her writings. She became ill soon after the marriage.
Her longest work, Katzovim (Butchers), serialized in Frayhayt (August 15–September 12, 1936), dealt with the lives of kosher butchers in a small New Jersey town. Her novella, Farbitene (Exchanged, 1938), concerned two infants, one black, one white, exchanged in a hospital nursery. “In a Radio Fabrik” (published in Der Hamer, October 1933), is a proletarian story. “Marta” is about a girl who looks after her younger siblings but fails to notice when her parents’ pay envelope contains only change. Blaming herself for the loss of the bills, she commits suicide. Submitted under the pseudonym Ugolnikov in a Frayhayt writing contest (September 1933), “Marta” won readers’ votes for second prize. “A Mayse Funem Dnieper” (A Story of the Dnieper) originally appeared in the Frayhayt and was republished in Di Pen (Oxford) in 1995.
After a long illness, Blacker died of bone cancer on April 22, 1944, in her home in Passaic, New Jersey.
OTHER WORKS BY CHASKE BLACKER
“A Lebediker Shtul” (A Living Chair). Der Hamer, September 1939; “Mundirn in Shop” (Uniforms in the Shop). Frayhayt, May 1941; “Memorial Day.” Frayhayt, May 1941; “Kinder Shpiln Zikh” (Children Play), Frayhayt, April 1942.
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Handler, Troim Katz. "Chaske Blacker (Blacher)." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 27 February 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on December 10, 2019) <https://qa.jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/blacker-blacher-chaske>.