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Gertrud Pfister

Gertrud Pfister, a professor at the University of Copenhagen, studied Latin, physical education, history and sociology in Munich and Regensburg. She gained a Ph.D. in history at the University of Regensburg in 1976 and a Ph.D. in sociology at Ruhr-Universität Bochum in 1980. From 1981 to 2001 she served as professor of sport history at the Free University in Berlin, and since 2001 as professor at the Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Currently president of the International Sport Sociology Association and head of the scientific committee of the International Association for Physical Education and Sport for Girls, she has also headed other sport societies and associations. Pfister has been guest professor at universities in Finland, Canada, Brazil and Chile and keynote speaker at numerous congresses.

The author of several books and over two hundred articles, she has specialized in research on gender and sport.

Articles by this author

Sports in Germany: 1898-1938

From the 1890s, despite fierce resistance, German women increasingly participated in gymnastics, games and other sporting activities.

Lilli Henoch

Lilli Henoch was born in 1899 to an upper middle-class family. Despite her merchant father’s death, a relocation to Berlin and the remarriage of her mother, the family was able to maintain its previous high standard of living. Even in childhood Lilli Henoch had developed a passion for sport, particularly track and field and team sports. This was comparatively rare for a woman in the 1920s, when track and field sports were considered unwomanly.

Gretel Bergmann

It should come as no surprise that Gretel Bergmann could never forget Germany and everything that she had experienced in that country. But what is astonishing is that it was not the loss of a homeland but rather her exclusion from the Olympic Games that led her to complain. She felt she had had been deprived of “the thrill of a lifetime… simply because I was born as a Jew” and this is an indication of the important role sport played in her life.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Gertrud Pfister." (Viewed on December 11, 2019) <>.


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