Bessie Abramowitz Hillman

Bessie Abramowitz devoted her life to unions, organizing her first strike at fifteen, announcing her engagement on a picket line, and continuing her efforts for workers’ rights until her death. Abramowitz immigrated to America alone at fifteen and found work sewing buttons in a garment factory while attending night school at the famous Hull House, run by suffragist Jane Addams. She spearheaded walkouts over pay cuts and poor conditions, inspiring her future husband, Sidney Hillman, to join and lead strikes himself. Abramowitz organized workers for the Women’s Trade Union League up and down the East Coast before becoming education director of the Laundry Workers Joint Board in 1937, where she balanced training workers in union leadership with cultural offerings like theater. Through Laundry Workers, which had many non-white workers, Abramowitz became involved in civil rights issues, serving with the CIO and AFL-CIO. She also lent her considerable talents to the Child Welfare Committee of New York, the Defense Advisory Commission on Women in the Services, and President Kennedy’s Commission on the Status of Women, among many others.


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Bessie Hillman.
Courtesy of Philoine Fried.
Date of Birth


Date of Death

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Bessie Abramowitz Hillman." (Viewed on September 19, 2019) <>.


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